Exodus 19

V 1-2 Israel arrives now at Mt. Sinai on the third new moon, which is about 7 weeks after Passover. The Law will be given in the next chapter on Shavout or weeks also known as Pentecost. God has delivered His people from Egyptian bondage and has fulfilled His word to Moses when he stood … Read more

Exodus 18

V 1-4 Jethro and Zipporah are mentioned in 2:18-21; 3:1; 4:18-26. Jethro was a priest in Midian, most likely similar to Melchizedek of Gen. 14. Moses was led to them after fleeing Pharaoh when he was 40 years old. Zipporah, his daughter became Moses’ wife and bore him two sons, Gershom and Eliezer. Moses left … Read more

Exodus 17

1-2 – Israel is being led by the Lord visibly in the form of a pillar of fire by night and a cloud by day (Ex. 14:21-22). So, it was not Moses who led them to this waterless place, but the Lord and yet quarreled with him. Moses thought he was going to be stoned … Read more

Exodus 16

Exodus 16:1-3 God brought Israel out of bondage but did not lead them immediately to the Promised Land.  They needed to be prepared by God in order to represent Him in His Land.  God’s intention for them was that they would be a Kingdom of Priests and a Holy Nation so the world might know that the … Read more

Exodus 14

V 1-4 God speaks to Moses and instructs him “turn back”, directing them to a place that is next to the “Sea”. This is most likely the Northern end of the Gulf of Suez which is a branch of the Red Sea. The place God led them to was strategically a location that Pharaoh would … Read more

Exodus 15

Exodus 15:1-3 This is a song of praise to the Lord that goes through v 21 and is most instructional.  It’s a celebration of the triumph over Pharaoh’s army giving thanks for God’s power and sovereignty. It’s similar to songs in Psalms that celebrate and reveal God’s character such as Deborah and Barak’s song in response … Read more

Exodus 12

Exodus 12:1-2 Moses and Aaron, who were Levites and priests, receive legal instructions here regarding the future observance of Passover. In these verses God changes the calendar of Israel here.  Prior to this the New Year, known as Rosh Hashanah, was observed in the fall.  It was the anniversary of the creation of the world.  Just as kings celebrated … Read more

Exodus 13

Exodus 13:1-2 Fathers and their firstborn children carried special responsibilities for family leadership. The firstborn played a major role in the Passover. The consecration and redemption of Israel relate to settling into the promised land, which Moses and Israel assumed would be taking place within a matter of months. This discussion is preparation for dwelling … Read more

Exodus 11

Exodus 11:1-3 Moses did not know how many plagues would come on Egypt but is now told that the final plague was at hand; God had shown who had true power and that the gods of Egypt were nothing. The Egyptians realized that resistance to Israel’s God was useless. They had come to respect Israel … Read more

Exodus 10

Exodus 10:1-2 In the eighth plague God follows his command to go to Pharaoh with an explanation that was for the benefit of Moses and the Israel throughout their generations. God reminds Moses and all future generations, that Pharaoh’s intransigence was His doing and that there was a reason behind it.  The reason is stated in … Read more