Exodus 9

Exodus 9:1-3 Moses is sent again with a demand and warning. God was Israel’s master not Pharaoh. Refusing to honor God’s command would have further consequences. Each of the plagues were judgments against the myriad of gods that Egypt worshipped. They believed that the spirit of some god lived in every living thing on earth. … Read more

Exodus 8

Exodus 8:1-4 The Lord commands Pharaoh to let His people serve Him which is an escalation of God’s demand. Initially God said in Exodus 5:1, “Let My people go that they may celebrate a feast to Me in the wilderness”. and in Exodus 7:16, “Let my people go, so that they may worship me in the desert.” God is now demanding His servants to cease from being … Read more

Exodus 7

Exodus 7:1–2 Earlier in Exodus 4:14–16 Aaron is called to be Moses’ spokesman to the people but here the focus is on Aaron speaking for Moses to Pharaoh, and the goal is to get the king to do the Lord’s will. God is doing this to assure Moses so that He will not doubt his calling and equipping. Moses in fact will do … Read more

Exodus 6

Exodus 6:1 God uses the expression “with a strong hand” twice in this verse. He is answering Moses’ complaint by reminding Moses of his original promise in Exodus 3:19 that it would take something greater than human power to move Pharaoh to let Israel go. God is promising Moses that he would force Pharaoh to … Read more

Exodus 5

Exodus 5:1 It seems unusual that Moses and Aaron would have the right to see the king personally. However, it was in keeping with the traditional legal system of the ancient world that kings were expected to be available to the low and great alike, a requirement that Israel’s prophets used to confront kings as … Read more

Exodus 4

Exodus 4:1 – Moses’ first two protests (Exodus 3:11,13) were formal, expressing humility in the face of an overwhelming assignment. God assured him that Israel’s leaders would listen to him (Exodus 3:18) but now he wonders if they would believe his claim that the Lord had appeared to him and do what he said. Moses … Read more

Exodus 3

Exodus 3:1-3 Moses was now a simple shepherd having lost his title and privilege as a prince in Egypt. Taking care of sheep was part of his training to be a shepherd of Israel. God identifies Himself as a Shepherd, the Good Shepherd (Ezekiel 34:1-22; Ps. 23). In addition, his father-in-law Jethro, was a priest … Read more

Exodus 2

Exodus 2:1-2 The third attack on Israel was that all baby boys born were to be drowned. All Egyptians were commanded to drown the boys born to Israelite women in the Nile (Exodus 1:22). Moses’ believed God for her son and refused to kill her son. She most stood against the law and could have been … Read more

Exodus 1

The great theme of Exodus is deliverance. God delivered Israel in the past and Exodus implies that He will deliver Israel in the future. No matter how terrifying and hopeless, God will deliver them just as He had delivered them in the past. God always saves His people. He has always saved them when they … Read more