Matthew 1:1-25

Matthew 1:1-25

by | Oct 14, 2000 | Uncategorized

The reason Matthew begins with a study of the Genealogy is to establish the credentials of the promised King of Israel.

The Genealogy of the King of Israel Matthew 1:1-16 Unlike a man made religion which would tend to gloss over the failings of its founders, The Bible portrays its saints quite vividly as sinners. The genealogy of the Messiah bares this out.

Matthew 1:1 Abraham ‑ He was not a perfect man but one who sought to know and follow God. There are many recorded failings of Abraham. Genesis 12:4,10-20,16:1-6,20:1-7. But Abraham was described as God’s friend in Isaiah 41:8. What made Abraham a Friend of God? Genesis 15,John 8:56.

Discussion of Messiah Ben Joseph (the favorite son of Jacob) and Messiah Ben David. Talmudic references to two apparently different types of Messiahs described in the Tenach. An Hebrew acronym for Torah which is the five books of Moses Genesis, Deuteronomy, Neviim ‑ Which is Hebrew for the prophets, and Ketubim ‑ Which is Hebrew for the Writings (Psalms, Chronicles etc). The Tenach is a Hebrew word for identifying the Jewish Scriptures (Old Testament).

Isaac ‑ Isaac like Abraham had is failings but he too was pleasing to the Lord. Genesis 26-27 But like Abraham, Isaac was a man of faith ‑ Genesis 22.

Jacob ‑ In the rich tradition of human frailty Jacob was very much like men of our day. Yet in spite of his many shortfalls he was beloved of the Lord. Jacob was one who believed that the Lord helps those who help themselves, consider Genesis 27. But whom the Lord loves He disciplines consider Genesis 29. Jacob becomes a transformed man when he finally comes to the end of his own resources Genesis 32.

Judah & Tamar Matthew 1:3 – The birthright came to Judah instead of Reuben the first born because of his sin with Bilhah, Rachel’s, servant. The action of Reuben was assuming the estate of his father before he died. It was arrogant and prideful. Thus he was disqualified from the rights of the first born.

Simeon & Levi were disqualified for their deception in killing the sons of Hamor in Genesis 34:1-31,49:10. In Genesis 38:1-30 ‑ we learn of Judah’s actions. Intermarriage caused him and his children to walk in the way of the Canaanites.

Rahab the Harlot, Matthew 1:5 – In the genealogical line of the Messiah we see that Rahab who was essentially a prostitute became a daughter of promise by virtue of her faith in the God of the Israelites Joshua 2:8-11. She blessed Israel and so was herself blessed. Both her faith and her works are commended in the Newer Covenant (Hebrews 11:31, James 2:25).

Ruth the Moabite Matthew 1:5 Ruth 1-4 Ruth was a woman of faith and humility. She recognized that the God of Israel was the One true God. She in the tradition of Abraham left her family to go to a land that she knew nothing about. She was responsible for turning Naomi’s “Mara” (Bitterness) to Joy. Boaz was Naomi’s Kinsmen‑Redeemer. Genesis 38:9,Deuteronomy 25:5-10,Ruth 4:1-8,Matthew 22:23.

A Redeemer was one who would recover persons or things. A redemption price was necessary for this recovery or restoration. A human intermediary, the Goel acted to secure the redemption. Jesus is our Kinsmen‑Redeemer we were lost, sold into bondage and were redeemed with a precious price. Galatians 3:13,4:5,Colossians 1:14.

The genealogical line to this point demonstrates that God has worked and continues to work with people like ourselves. Jew and Gentile alike. Those who sinned were chastened and experienced the consequences of their sins. Yet they were able to be restored because they were men and women who sought God.

Hebrews 11:6 And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who earnestly seek him. Hebrews 11:8-13.

Solomon allowed his wives and concubines to take his heart away from God. Because of this God caused the Kingdom to be divided in 930 B.C. 1 Kings 11:26-40. Rheoboam Solomon’s son heeded the counsel of his companions rather than the counsel of his father’s counselors. This was of course God’s doing. Proverbs 21:1 The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD; he directs it like a watercourse wherever he pleases.

The Ten Northern Tribes were know as Israel. The Southern Kingdom was known as Judah. The first King of Israel was Jeroboam. He feared that if he did not establish an alternate center for worship the Israelites would move to Judah where the Temple was located in Jerusalem. 1 Kings 12:25-33.

The result was that there were no good kings in Israel. Many prophets were sent to Israel to call her back to God. Elijah & Elisha, Hosea etc. Their disobedience led to their captivity and dispersal in 722 B.C. Many from the North emigrated to the South so that the Tribes were not lost. Luke 2:36 Anna was from the Tribe of Asher.

The Southern Kingdom was known as Judah. There were many good kings and some bad ones. Israel persisted in her idolatry and high places in the South and eventually she was brought into captivity beginning in 606 B.C.. Jerusalem was destroyed in 586 B.C..

Jeconiah Matthew 1:11-12 The curse placed upon the Kings of Israel Jeremiah 22:24-30 this is one significant reason why Joseph was not the real father of Jesus. Both Joseph and Miriam were descended from King David.

Joseph was descended from the kingly line which was cursed which is in Matthew’s genealogy. Miriam’s genealogy is chronicled in Luke 3:31, Jeremiah 25:11,2 Chronicles 36:21,Jeremiah 29:10,Daniel 9:2 in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood from the Scriptures, according to the word of the LORD given to Jeremiah the prophet, that the desolation of Jerusalem would last seventy years.

Daniel also was given the timing for the coming of the Messiah. Daniel 9:24-27. Each day was understood to be a year 69 weeks = 483 years. The decree spoken of in Daniel 9:25 was fulfilled in Ezra 7:11-25. These events occurred in 458 B.C. 483 years later Jesus began his ministry to Israel.

The Exile was prophesied by Ezekiel, Jeremiah and others. In Jeremiah 25:11 the number of years is decreed as well as in 2 Chronicles 36:21, Jeremiah 29:10, Daniel 9:2. Daniel also was given the timing for the coming of the Messiah. Daniel 9:24-27. Each day was understood to be a year 69 weeks = 483 years. The decree spoken of in Daniel 9:25 was fulfilled in Ezra 7:11-25.

These events occurred in 458 B.C. 483 years later Jesus began his ministry to Israel. The Babylonian captivity was a time of pruning for Israel. It was in Babylon and later Persia, that the Jewish people were cured of worshiping idols.

The return to captivity is chronicled in the Books of Ezra & Nehemiah. In Ezra we see the rebuilding of the Temple under the leadership of Ezra and Zerubbabel. The glory of this Temple paled in comparison to the first Temple. Ezra 3:8-13,6:13-15,Haggai 2:1-9.

Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi were prophets who encouraged the people during this time of sad return. The land was devastated the people under foreign domination, and there appeared to be little manifestation of God working among them. These men along with Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah exhorted God’s people to be faithful and holy despite their circumstances.

Matthew 1:11-12 The curse placed upon the Kings after the captivity Jeremiah 22:24-30 this is one significant reason why Joseph was not the real father of Jesus. Both Joseph and Miriam were descended from King David. Joseph was descended from the kingly line that was cursed which is in Matthew’s genealogy. Miriam’s genealogy is chronicled in Luke 3:31

Jeremiah 25:11,2 Chronicles 36:21,Jeremiah 29:10,Daniel 9:2, in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood from the Scriptures, according to the word of the LORD given to Jeremiah the prophet, that the desolation of Jerusalem would last seventy years. Daniel also was given the timing for the coming of the Messiah. Daniel 9:24-27. Each day was understood to be a year 69 weeks = 483 years. The decree spoken of in Daniel 9:25 was fulfilled in Ezra 7:11-25. These events occurred in 458 B.C. 483 years later Jesus began his ministry to Israel.

Ezekiel, Jeremiah and others prophesied the Exile. In Jeremiah 25:11 the number of years is decreed as well as in 2 Chronicles 36:21,Jeremiah 29:10,Daniel 9:2. Daniel also was given the timing for the coming of the Messiah. Daniel 9:24-27. Each day was understood to be a year 69 weeks = 483 years. The decree spoken of in Daniel 9:25 was fulfilled in Ezra 7:11-25. These events occurred in 458 B.C. 483 years later Jesus began his ministry to Israel.

The Babylonian captivity was a time of pruning for Israel. It was in Babylon and later Persia, that the Jewish people were cured of worshiping idols. The return to captivity is chronicled in the Books of Ezra & Nehemiah. In Ezra we see the rebuilding of the Temple under the leadership of Ezra and Zerubbabel.

The glory of this Temple paled in comparison to the first Temple. Ezra 3:8-13,6:13-15,Haggai 2:1-9. Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi were prophets who encouraged the people during this time of sad return. The land was devastated the people under foreign domination, and there appeared to be little manifestation of God working among them. These men along with Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah exhorted God’s people to be faithful and holy despite their circumstances.

Matthew 1:18 – The Virgin Birth: This is one of the most difficult areas for many in accepting the truth of the Scriptures. This is especially true for Jewish people. First, we need to understand God’s reasons for a virgin birth, and then His power from a practical standpoint.

Prophetic: Isaiah 7:14 Virgin or “Almah” in Hebrew. Historical background 735 BC when Assyria threatened Syria & Israel who were allies, they wanted to force Judah to also align with them against Assyria. Ahaz, Judah’s king wanted to make a pact directly with Assyria.

Syria and Israel attacked Judah and sieged Jerusalem. Isaiah appears to Ahaz to trust in the Lord. (Isaiah 7:3-9) Ahaz has trouble believing the message and so Isaiah appears again offering to Ahaz a sign from the Lord. Ahaz does not want to ask for a sign. The Lord gives Isaiah a sign Himself.

Almah occurs 7 times in the Old Testament Genesis 24:43,Exodus 2:8,Proverbs 30:19,Song of Solomon 1:3,6:8,Psalm 68:25,Isaiah 7:14. Almah never meant young married woman, the presumption in common Jewish law was and is that every Almah is a virgin and virtuous until she is proven not to be. Therefore we have the right to assume that Rebecca and the Alma of Isaiah 7:14 were virgins and all other “Alamot”, were virgins until it was proven otherwise. CF. Edward J. Young “The Book of Isaiah” Vol. 1

There are two virgins in mind in this passage there was a fulfillment in Isaiah’s day and there is an application to the fulfillment in Matthew 1. Isaiah 8:1-4, describes a marriage ceremony and its consummation with the birth of a son. In Isaiah 7:14 there is a definite article before Almah “The”, thus singling out a specific virgin, who would give birth to a son who would be a sign Isaiah 7:15-16.

This was likely a second wife for the widowed Isaiah. Theologically this is known as “The law of double reference” CF. “Things to Come” D. Pentecost pp. 46‑47. The idea of a dual fulfillment is not without precedent. Consider the “Abomination of Desolation” in Daniel 9:27, which refers first to Antiochus, and then later in Matthew 24:15. Also Hosea 11:1 & Matthew 2:15.

Theological considerations:

1. The Redeemer had to be a man with a sinless nature. The difficulty seems to be that one precludes the other. If you are a man, you sin. It is impossible to be sinless. But if a man was born of woman (thus making him a man), and his father was God (thus making him sinless), you would have the perfect nature.

2. The right to the throne of David was promised to a descendant of David. This had been promised, but Satan so corrupted the royal line that God pronounced a curse upon it and cut off all rights to the throne (see Jeremiah 22:30).

Joseph, the husband of Mary, was of that line and the curse was upon his natural born sons. But Mary was also of the line of David through David’s son, Nathan, and that line wasn’t cursed. So, by the virgin birth, the curse was by‑passed while the bloodline of David was preserved. By the marriage of Joseph to Mary, the legal rights were also maintained.

3. The rabbis applied Jeremiah 31:22 to the Messiah. The Bereshit (h) Rabba deals with the fact that God heals with that with which He wounded, and says that as He punished Israel in a virgin, so He would also heal with a virgin. This text speaks of something that had never taken place before.

Practical considerations – How did the Jewish people begin? They began in a miraculous way! God caused Abraham, at 99, and Sarah, at 89, to conceive a son, Isaac. Adam was made from the dust of the earth. Eve was fashioned from Adam’s rib. The question is not “Is a virgin birth possible?” The question is “Is your God powerful enough to do miracles?”

Matthew 1:18 – The Virgin Birth: This is one of the most difficult areas for many in accepting the truth of the Scriptures. This is especially true for Jewish people. First, we need to understand God’s reasons for a virgin birth, and then His power from a practical standpoint.

Prophetic: Isaiah 7:14 Virgin or “Almah” in Hebrew. Historical background 735 BC when Assyria threatened Syria & Israel who were allies, they wanted to force Judah to also align with them against Assyria. Ahaz, Judah’s king wanted to make a pact directly with Assyria. Syria and Israel attacked Judah and sieged Jerusalem. Isaiah appears to Ahaz to trust in the Lord. (Isaiah 7:3-9) Ahaz has trouble believing the message and so Isaiah appears again offering to Ahaz a sign from the Lord. Ahaz does not want to ask for a sign. The Lord gives Isaiah a sign Himself.

Almah occurs 7 times in the Old Testament Genesis 24:43,Exodus 2:8,Proverbs 30:19,Song of Solomon 1:3,6:8,Psalm 68:25,Isaiah 7:14. Almah never meant young married woman, the presumption in common Jewish law was and is that every Almah is a virgin and virtuous until she is proven not to be. Therefore we have the right to assume that Rebecca and the Alma of Isaiah 7:14 were virgins and all other “Alamot”, were virgins until it was proven otherwise. CF. Edward J. Young “The Book of Isaiah” Vol. 1

There are two virgins in mind in this passage there was a fulfillment in Isaiah’s day and there is an application to the fulfillment in Matthew 1. Isaiah 8:1-4 describes a marriage ceremony and its consummation with the birth of a son. In Isaiah 7:14 there is a definite article before Almah “The”, thus singling out a specific virgin, who would give birth to a son who would be a sign Isaiah 7:15-16.

This was likely a second wife for the widowed Isaiah. Theologically this is known as “The law of double reference” CF. “Things to Come” D. Pentecost pp. 46‑47. The idea of a dual fulfillment is not without precedent. Consider the “Abomination of Desolation” in Daniel 9:27, which refers first to Antiochus, and then later in Matthew 24:15. Also Hosea 11:1,Matthew 2:15.

Theological considerations:

1. The Redeemer had to be a man with a sinless nature. The difficulty seems to be that one precludes the other. If you are a man, you sin. It is impossible to be sinless. But if a man was born of woman (thus making him a man), and his father was God (thus making him sinless), you would have the perfect nature.

2. The right to the throne of David was promised to a descendant of David. This had been promised, but Satan so corrupted the royal line that God pronounced a curse upon it and cut off all rights to the throne (see Jeremiah 22:30).

Joseph, the husband of Mary, was of that line and the curse was upon his natural born sons. But Mary was also of the line of David through David’s son, Nathan, and that line wasn’t cursed. So, by the virgin birth, the curse was by‑passed while the bloodline of David was preserved. By the marriage of Joseph to Mary, the legal rights were also maintained.

3. The rabbis applied Jeremiah 31:22 to the Messiah. The Bereshit (h) Rabba deals with the fact that God heals with that with which He wounded, and says that as He punished Israel in a virgin, so He would also heal with a virgin.

This text speaks of something that had never taken place before. Practical considerations – How did the Jewish people begin? They began in a miraculous way! God caused Abraham, at 99, and Sarah, at 89, to conceive a son, Isaac. Adam was made from the dust of the earth. Eve was fashioned from Adam’s rib. The question is not “Is a virgin birth possible?” The question is “Is your God powerful enough to do miracles?”

Matthew 1:18-25 – The concept of Betrothal is equal to Marriage this is why Joseph considered divorce. If this were not so there would be no need for divorce. John 14:1-3 helps us understand the significance of betrothal in the light of the Jewish wedding ceremony of both Biblical and even recent times in the Ultra‑Orthodox tradition. The first event was a Marriage Covenant (Ketubah) this was equal to betrothal or espousal. The groom would leave his home and negotiate two things with the brides father.

Ask for her hand, and negotiate the price for marriage. If a price was agreed, the groom would pay it and the covenant of marriage was established. Then bride and the groom would partake together of a cup of wine. They were now considered betrothed, which was as binding as marriage. Even though this Betrothal state was similar to marriage, the betrothed couple did not begin living together.

The groom would then leave and return to his fathers house, where he would begin preparing an apartment or living accommodations for his bride. This period of separation generally lasted about a year. At the end of that year on an unannounced night (the bride never knew exactly when) the groom would call his best man and another male escort. They would leave his fathers house and begin a torch light procession to the brides home.

The bride quickly called her bridesmaids who would help her get ready for her groom. The grooms party waited outside until she was ready. When she came out the entire party along with the bride and groom returned to the grooms fathers house.

Matthew 25 When they returned the wedding guests were assembled and waiting for the reception. The bride and groom would greet the guests briefly and depart to another room in the house called the bridal chamber or Chuppah (Psalms 19:5) Chuppah comes from the Hebrew word Chaphah “to cover” the root of the words veil, to encase, to protect.

With the bridal party outside the bride and groom would enter into physical union for the first time, consummating the covenant initiated 1 year earlier. The groom would come out and announce the news to the wedding party, who would then relay the word to the guests.

The guests and the wedding party would rejoice for 7 days in the fathers house. During those 7 days the groom kept his bride hidden. This was know as the days of hiding or the day of the bridal chamber. At the end of the 7 days the groom would bring his bride out with wedding veil removed and all present beheld the bride.

In the new covenant the church or Congregation ‑ the ecclesia or corporate body of all born again believers are portrayed as the Bride of the Messiah Yeshua. Ephesians 5:25-27,John 3:29,2 Corinthians 11:2,Revelation 19:7,21:2,21:9,22:17.

Just as the groom began the marriage proceedings by leaving his fathers house and travelling to the home of his bride to establish his marriage covenant. So too did Jesus leave his Father’s house (heaven) and came to the home of his bride and obtained her via the establishment of a covenant. The new covenant.

The same night Yeshua made this promise in John 14 he celebrated the Passover. It was at the 3rd cup that he said, this cup symbolizes the New Covenant. This is a picture of the cup of wine that the bridal couple drank at the signing of the Ketubah or marriage covenant. Just as the Bride and the Groom after the marriage covenant had been established drank together from a cup as a symbol of their covenant. So too we are to partake of a cup symbolizing our betrothal to our Messiah.

Just as the groom had to pay a purchase price to establish the covenant by which he could obtain his bride. So too Yeshua had to pay a purchase price to establish the covenant (1 Corinthians 6:20).

Just as the groom would leave the bride so too did our Groom the Messiah Yeshua leave us to return to his Father’s house for a period of time. As the Jewish groom would prepare living accommodations to bring his bride to. So too is our Messiah Yeshuah preparing a place for us in heaven.

As the groom came at an unannounced time to take his bride with him so too is Yeshuah. (Matthew 24:36) His return is imminent. As the Jewish groom came with a male escort Paul tells us in 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 that when Jesus comes He will have an escort, the archangel. As the Jewish bridegroom’s coming will be heralded with a shout of “Behold the bridegroom comes”. So too when Yeshua comes there will be a shout!

The Jewish groom when he came to the brides house would not enter but would wait outside until she came to him. So too in 1 Thessalonians 4, Yeshua will not come all the way to the earth but instead will wait up in the clouds and the church (His Bride) will be caught up from the earth to meet Yeshua in the air. As the groom kept his bride hidden for seven day, so too shall Yeshua keep His bride, the church, hidden for a period of 7.

The 7 year period of the Tribulation. At the end of the seven day period the bride would be brought out of the bridal chamber. So too will our groom the Messiah at the end of the 7 year tribulation at the time of His 2nd coming bring his bride, the church out of heaven on His way to earth. Then everyone will be able to see who the true bride really is.

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